Aged Based Hubs (Bubbles)
We know that, unlike older children and adults, early years children cannot be expected to remain 2 metres apart from each other and staff. In arranging to reopen for all children, we are taking this into account. It is still important to reduce contact between people as much as possible, and we can achieve that and reduce transmission risk by ensuring children and staff where possible, only mix in a small, consistent group and that small group stays away from other people and groups. Therefore at NCN, we will be organising our settings into ‘age group hubs’ (bubbles) and will try to physical distance these groups from each other as much as possible, E.g. they will not join up during the day inside or in the garden.
Alveston – (Hub 1 – 0-2s (located upstairs but now using new garden space in car park), Hub 2 – 2-3’s, Hub 3- 3-5s)
Charfield (Updated 1st July) – (Hub 1 – 2-3s (located upstairs with new small child toilet facility), Hub 2 – 0-2s located downstairs in 2 playrooms (new changing facilities downstairs), Hub 3- 3-5s)
Puddles – (Hub 1 – 0-3s (using both babies and toddlers rooms and garden with new child hand washing facility), Hub 2 3-5s)
Giggles – (Hub 1 – 0-3’s (using both babies and toddlers rooms and garden and new child toilet and hand washing facility), Hub 2- 3-5s)
Staff will remain within their ‘age group hubs’ and will endeavour not to come into contact with other staff (Emergency revisions to the EYFS have been implemented which provides some flexibility on ratios and qualifications to make this feasible – we will record if we use these measures).
Social distancing in nursery
We will be opening up two entrances at each setting as shown on the maps below:
Charfield Entrances and signage
Alveston Entrances and signage
Changed facilities at our nurseries (this list is not exhaustive and will be updated after the management team have visited next week to ensure everything is in place for 1st June)
Charfield Changes (Updated 1st July)
- New children’s toilet upstairs. This is why we will now be having 2-3s upstairs. The children’s toilet and basins downstairs will only be used by the 3-5 yr bubble.
- There is a new stair-gate across the door between the corridor and downstairs creative room – this means 0-2’s children will have use of the following rooms – downstairs room near external door and role play room (with changing facilities).
- 0-2 bubble will use the ‘baby garden’
- 2-3s will use the top garden (outside preschool rooms)
- Preschool children will have exclusive use of the balloon playroom, creative room, toilets, dining room,
- 3-5 bubble will use the ‘preschool garden’ which is the patio’d area and the lower garden (toileting facilities in right hand stable)
- Preschool staff will be able to use the staff room table and lockers.
- Ingrid, Georgina and preschool staff will have exclusive access to dishwasher and washing machines. i.e. baby/toddler staff will not have access to the kitchen and staff room.
- Preschool children belongings will not be stored in the entrance hall, but instead in temporary storage in the preschool rooms.
- ‘Hand-washing’, ‘hygiene’ and ‘PPE donning’ posters will be displayed in all appropriate areas inside and ‘Symptoms’ posters will be displayed outside
- Additional hand-washing facilities are available in all outdoor areas.
- New child height hand-washing sink in toddler room, such that baby changing and toddler toileting all carried out in the rooms. ‘Potties’ will be used initially in an attempt to eliminate the need for a ‘shared toilet space with the preschool group.
- Preschool children will have exclusive use of the child toilet facilities.
- Amanda and 0-3s staff will have exclusive access to dishwasher and washing machine. i.e. preschool staff will not have access to the kitchen and laundry room.
- ‘Hand-washing’, ‘hygiene’ and ‘PPE donning’ posters will be displayed in all appropriate areas inside and ‘Symptoms’ posters will be displayed outside
Alveston Changes (updated 1st July)
- There is a new baby garden in the car park with hand-washing and changing facilities.
- There will be portable hand wash station in preschool room.
- Staff room will not be used until suitable rotas for staff breaks/lunches is established.
- The garden sensory room is allocated as quarantine space for symptomatic child.
- 2-3s will have access to the lower garden whilst preschool have freeflow access to the top garden area. Hand-washing facilities are available in both outdoor areas
- 2-3s will have hand-washing facilities in their room and use of potties as exclusive use toileting facilities. This leaves preschool with exclusive use of the children’s toilets.
- Helen, Sarah and preschool staff will have exclusive access to dishwasher and washing machines. i.e. baby/toddler staff will not have access to the kitchen or laundry room.
- ‘Hand-washing’, ‘hygiene’ and ‘PPE donning’ posters will be displayed in all appropriate areas inside and ‘Symptoms’ posters will be displayed outside
- There is a new child sized toilet and hand-washing facilities in the baby/toddler changing room.
- Preschool will have exclusive use of the children toilet facilities
- The corridor outside the office will be de-cluttered such that a quarantine zone can be created which is 2m away from the staff toilet and kitchen door. This space can be fully anti-bac’d if used.
- Hayley (or nominated manager) and 0-3s staff will have exclusive access to dishwasher and washing machine. i.e. preschool staff will not have access to the kitchen and laundry room.
Arriving and departing from nursery
Wherever possible staff should be travelling to and from the nursery alone, using their own transport.
If public transport is necessary, current guidance on the use of public transport must be followed. (see PPE Section)
All staff will wash their hands on arrival to the setting and complete a ‘health declaration’ form each morning
Start and finish times may be staggered, to ensure limited contact is made between staff. This will also apply to parents and children.
Staff belongings will be stored in storage containers in the bubbles. PLEASE REMEMBER STAFF PHONES MUST NOT BE USED WITHIN THE NURSERY IN ROOMS WITH THE CHILDREN. FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THIS WILL STILL BE A GROSS DISMISSAL OFFENCE.
A member of the bubble team will ‘man’ the doors at key times during the day (8-9am, 1-1.30pm & 5-6pm).
The entrances will all be marked with social distance markings. This will ensure that the families stand 2 metres back from the door. However, the staff member will have available to them a face covering in case the child is hesitant to leave their parent. We will create videos of a staff member putting on their face covering at the door, so parents can prepare the children for this. Staff must also ask parents to confirm verbally on arrival that “the child and family have been symptom free, especially a temperature”.
Parents will be advised that they MUST NOT bring their child to nursery if they have had a temperature. We will emphasise to them the anxiety that it will cause a setting to have to deal with a temperature on site. We will record this with the use of a Parents daily declaration sheet, which will be the child register sheet. The staff member admitting the child, will need to sign that they have asked the question.
A single parent will be allowed entrance to the nursery on the first settling in session for a child starting at nursery. They will be asked to not touch any items in the setting.
Show-arounds will be conducted ‘out of hours’ and visitors will be asked not to touch any items in the setting.
We will limit external visitors to the setting and ensure they only come into the building when strictly necessary, for example if providing an essential service or essential support for a child’s health and well-being.
We will limit the employees visiting other settings and will ensure they only come into the building when strictly necessary, for example if providing an essential service or essential delivery. This includes HQ staff.
All activities will be risk assessed and due consideration given to any adaptations to usual practice. It is expected that would include, but not be limited, to the suspension of learning experiences involving materials which are not easily washable such as malleable materials and the suspension of the sharing of food and utensils.
Playdough, if made must not be shared between children and changed daily. It will be kept in a named bag so that it is not shared. (added 1st June)
Public health advice is to remove all soft toys, and any toys that are hard to clean, such as those with intricate parts. Where practicable, we will remove soft furnishings, for example pillows, bean bags and rugs.
We will not allow children to share high risk items such as towels, flannels, bedding, food utensils etc, Self-serve should be suspended until further notice.
We will not share toys and resources between bubbles, unless they have been sanitised or laundered with disinfectant.
The age group hubs will be able to access the gardens in separate areas.
Children will not be permitted to bring items from home into the setting, unless essential for their well-being. Where this is the case items should be appropriately cleaned upon arrival. Suitable storage will be established for these items during the first week of opening. (Comfort blankets will be placed in the child’s sleeping area immediately and will not be allowed to be a general play item – added 1st June).
All resources required for play and learning experiences of children will be regularly washed and/or sterilised in accordance with a cleaning schedule.
Equipment used by staff such as stationary, tablets etc. will be allocated to individual staff members where possible and cleaned regularly
Be outdoors as much as possible!
Some staff do not like being outdoors as much as others. These are changed times and the least risk place for you and the children to be is outdoors.
Each bubble should work together to try to use the outdoors space AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. please please think differently – how could you be outdoors all day.
Have snacks outside, children could sleep outside. Think outside the box.
Talk to management, to try to make much better use of your outdoor space.
Take tables and chairs outside. Spend 10 minutes each morning taking resources outside. We can buy coverings, for if rain suddenly appears.
The virus disperses in the wind if you are outside and it dies quicker on outdoor surfaces.
Children must continue to wash hands before mealtimes, but be aware of avoiding crowding in bathrooms or around sinks.
Children are not to share flannels, cutlery or cups (including serving utensils).
Staff are to wash hands directly after meal times, due to touching cutlery which has been in mouths.
As many items as possible are to be prepared in the room to contain movement in rooms and away from the kitchen/ communal areas. This includes breakfast and snack.
The manager on rota, will deliver cleaned resources to the rooms each day.
Staff Breaks and lunches
Social distancing will be maintained during breaks. This may be achieved through a range of strategies including the staggering of breaks and subdivision of spaces allocated to team breaks where possible. While in general groups should be kept apart, brief transitory contact such as passing in the corridor or when moving to a different part of the setting is deemed low risk according to government guidance.
Staff break areas will be in designated areas, but these may not be separate from the children. This will be finalised before 1st June, but will allow for staff sitting in their own cars if wanted.
Staff members will all avoid physical contact with each other including handshakes, hugs even within a bubble.
When leaving the building for lunch or breaks, staff must adhere to all physical distancing rules outside the workplace. They may sit in their cars as personal space however, if they travel to local shops they must wear their face covering, use their hand sanitizer and thoroughly wash their hands on return. Ideally we would hope that staff would choose to remain either in the building or to sit in the car. Lunch breaks will mostly be changed to 30 mins for everyone unless and hour is needed specifically for a reason.
Storage of Staff food.
Any food bought into the nursery must be inside a container which can be sanitized before being placed in the fridge. If you want to eat hot food, and you are unable to access the kitchen facilities, you will have to liaise with your manager regarding how they heat your food. i
If we have staff toilets can be used exclusively by a bubble, that that will be done. e.g Giggles preschool staff will use the adult toilet near the preschool rooms. in Alveston the baby staff will use the upstairs toilet only.
In all other settings we have a single communal toilet. In these cases. The room will be emptied of any storage and staff will be expected to antibac the room fully after use. including toilet, sink, towel dispenser and door handles. This will take some practice but we will perfect this!
Caring for a symptomatic child
We will have an allocated space in each nursery, specifically used for caring for a symptomatic child. It will be cleaned after use and should ideally be outside or near an open window. If they need to use the bathroom during this quarantine period, it should be thoroughly cleaned before anyone else uses it.
Alveston – outdoor sensory shed in the garden. A cleanable chair will be positioned in the area and the room can be anti-bac’d or not used after needed
Charfield – entrance hall, (the space will be de-cluttered such that it can be antibac’d if used). A cleanable chair will be positioned in a zoned area and the space can be anti-bac’d after needed
Puddles – Baby/toddler shed. A cleanable chair will be positioned in a zoned area and the space can be anti-bac’d or not used after needed
Giggles (updated 1st July) – Empty baby sleep room. A cleanable chair will be positioned in a zoned area and the space can be anti-bac’d or not used after needed
Each bubble will be responsible for it’s own facilities cleaning. This means that they will have a detailed cleaning rota and will ensure all frequently touched surfaces, equipment, door handles, light switches and toilets used during the day will be cleaned thoroughly during the day. Your manager will work with you on the first week of return to ensure this is clear and comprehensive. It must include both inside and outside resources.
The manager will have an overall cleaning rota to clean the high contact points in the setting, such as doorbells, door handles, stair gates etc.
Staff equipment will where possible be personal or cleaned between being used between bubbles – e.g tablets will remain within a bubble, however if the company laptop needs to be used by a member of staff in a bubble, it will need to be thoroughly cleaned before being used.
Office equipment e.g. keyboards, mouse, telephone, often used hard items e.g boxes, keys etc will all have to be cleaned thoroughly if another member of the team takes over the ‘manager’ role on a day or within the week. this will be the responsibility of the person assuming the role and you should clean everything that you plan to touch – e.g. pens etc. For this reason, we suggest the replacement manager spends limited time in the office. HQ will monitor email as usual and will telephone if something urgent needs attention. Staff should aim to keep their office based enquiries e.g. holiday booking etc until the manager is present.
Laundry will now be washed with a disinfectant and all bedding will be washed everyday. All soft furnishings and soft toys will have been removed as they are difficult to clean.
Staff will need to include cleaning children’s belongings in the cleaning schedule.
Staff will be expected to have a cleaning schedule for their own belongings e.g. their phone. This is a simple task and if the phone is to be touched at any point during the day it MUST be cleaned in line with guidance. Please ensure you watch this video and ensure your phone is cleaned on arrival at nursery and before and after it is used. It would be simpler if your belongings and/or phone remained in your car or at home!
The hand sanitizer that you are provided with may be suitable for this, however you must make your own enquiries regarding the suitability for your own appliance.
As always, staff MUST read and strictly follow all guidance regarding cleaning chemicals used within the setting. COSHH data sheets MUST all be available for all chemicals used and any ‘Keep out of reach’ chemicals must be stored in the ‘designated out of reach’ locations. Staff must be extremely vigilant with liquid soaps and sanitizers to ensure children are suitably supervised or instructed, if they are accessing them independently.
Hand-washing is the most important action to limit the spread of the virus.
Hand-washing before and after certain activities such a toileting and eating goes without saying.
Before lock down we had already implemented enhanced hand washing and this must continue for both children and staff.
- Hand washing must be carried out on arrival at nursery for everyone.
- Hand washing must be carried out before going outside to play
- Hand washing must be carried out on coming back into to play.
- Hand washing must be carried out before eating
- Hand washing must be carried out after eating
- Hand washing must be carried out after sleeping
The list goes on. To effect this, every bubble has hand washing in their rooms and we will have new portable hand washing facilities for outside (these may not be in place on day one as Chris’s priority initially is all the fixed plumbing that is required. However, sinks and taps and water storage containers have been already purchased for 10 units).
Hand washing MUST be carried out correctly. Remember, it takes 20 seconds to clean hands and it is much more effective than sanitizer, which is a last resort if hand washing facilities are not available.
Paper towels will be used to dry hands. Lidded bins will be available for disposal of all paper products. These will be emptied as and if necessary during the day.
Staff Uniform and belongings
The only changes to the staff uniform is regarding hygiene of uniform and jewellery.
Please can you endeavour to wear clean uniform every day.
The virus stays on hard surfaces much easier than soft surfaces. It also apparently likes metal and lives longer on metalic surfaces than other types of surfaces. As such we ask that you we now all follow NHS standard protocol of ‘bare below the elbow’. This poster clearly shows what this means.
Safe storage of belongings at nursery will be a challenge, so we implore that you minimise what you bring to nursery. Your manager will work with you during the first week to ensure your belongings are stored safely, including your phone.
If staff travel to work via public transport, it is recommended that you change into your uniform on arrival at the setting.
Feedback to parents
As staff will be social distancing and we need handover to be as swift as possible to avoid congestion at the entrances, A daily update sheet will be completed for each child and uploaded onto tapestry as a photo daily. This will take a bit of practice to become efficient but it needs to be in place unless a parents specifically states that it is not necessary in writing.
Government advice to all businesses is that windows should be open. Unless the weather would make the rooms dangerous, or a window is not safe to open, all windows will be opened in the nursery.
The closing checks at the end of the day MUST ensure all windows are closed so the building is secure.
All of this hard work and preparation means that there will now be very few areas that will be used by more than one age based hub. Transient (passing through) contact is thought to be very low risk, however corridors will be de-cluttered as far as possible to prevent cross-contamination. Initially and until numbers pick up, only the children’s toilets (if potties do not suffice for 2-3 yrs) and the main garden at Alveston (used by both 2-3s bubble and 3-5’s bubble) will need a specific rota for use.
Any consumables particularly PPE, but not exclusively, must be carefully stock controlled both within a bubble and nursery. It will not be possible to immediately source more stock (especially PPE which is still in limited supply) and even if we hold reserves at HQ, it is not possible to ‘instantly’ appear with new stock (as has often been expected in the past!). As such, it is critical that each setting forward plans all their consumables such that they do not run out. Please assume it will take 1 week to replenish stocks within the business. This includes:-
- DIY Wet wipe ingredients
- Disposable gloves, aprons, surgical face masks
- Toilet rolls
- Janitorial and cleaning products e.g paper towels
During the first week of re-opening we will work together to agree if anything regarding our Fire Evacuation policy needs to be changed. We will hold no practices until this is concluded and published.
Support for 'vulnerable' children
Vulnerable children and young people for the purposes of continued attendance during the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak were those who:
- are assessed as being in need under section 17 of the Children Act 1989, including children and young people who have a child in need plan, a child protection plan or who are a looked-after child
- have an education, health and care (EHC) plan and it is determined, following risk assessment, that their needs can be as safely or more safely met in the educational environment
- have been assessed as otherwise vulnerable by educational providers or local authorities (including children’s social care services), and who could therefore benefit from continued attendance. This might include children and young people on the edge of receiving support from children’s social care services, adopted children, those at risk of becoming NEET (‘not in employment, education or training’), those living in temporary accommodation, those who are young carers and others at the provider and local authority’s discretion.
The management team will continue to contact all families of children deemed ‘Vulnerable’, even if not in attendance, on a weekly basis or until a social worker advises this is no longer required. This support call will be recorded within the child’s chronology or care records and will follow the suggested structure of South Glos prompt sheet 19/05
Children who are considered extremely clinically vulnerable and shielding or who live in a household with someone classed as this, should continue to shield and would not be allowed to attend unless their Social Worker deems this necessary for safeguarding reasons.
Clinically vulnerable (but not clinically extremely vulnerable) people are those considered to be at a higher risk of severe illness from coronavirus. A minority of children will fall into this category, and parents should follow medical advice if their child is in this category. If a child is known to be in this category, a specific risk assessment would need to be completed BEFORE they could attend.
Meetings and training
Where possible, all meetings e.g. staff meetings and management meetings will be held ‘virtually’ via tools like Zoom.
Supervisions will be conducted remotely or socially distanced.
All training will be provided online
Outings & home visits
We will no longer undertake outings from the nursery or home visits.
Support for returning children
Nothing has changed regarding our need to follow the EYFS as a result of COVID-19. However, school-leavers will have lost valuable time ensuring they are school-ready, so this should be a staff priority.
All children have been away from nursery and as such, have missed our routine and support of their teachers. We need to give the children lots of support to re-build their attachment to staff, especially if they are now being cared for by a different member if staff. If the child’s previous key-worker is not working, parents should be informed of the details of their new carer including name and photo. It might be best to share the ‘bubble’ teams details, as then they will be re-assured that most staff are the same, just some remain on furlough due to lower attendance numbers.
Please expect to give lots of hands-on care for the children in your bubbles. Appropriate professional boundaries remain, however hugs and cuddles will be needed!
In some cases children might have suffered a bereavement as a result if the virus and all staff should ensure they are able to handle discussions regarding this with sensitivity and care.
Staff should only accept deliveries to the agreed entrance. Staff who receive deliveries should be mindful of the need to clean it if practically possible. Staff should wash hands after receiving any delivered item.
When will all these changes be in place?
We have been working tirelessly to have all these new systems in place before 1st June. HQ have been managing all the facilities changes and making sure all and any new resources are in place. HQ personnel and a management team will conduct a pre-opening inspection to ensure everything is in place including outdoor signage, indoor signage, opening safety checks are conducted, such as legionnaires checks, if the setting has been closed. Procedural changes will be discussed in virtual meetings with workers before opening and managers will work with all returning staff to ensure the smooth running of the nursery from day one!
Parent Forms (added 31st May)
There are certain forms used within nursery which need parents to sign them. We will advise parents that we have created them, but rather than handing them over for signing at the entrances etc, we will upload them to Tapestry and ask parent to agree they have received and read them. These include Accident at Home, Accident at nursery, Incident, Medicines forms etc.
If a child needs new long term medicines the parents will need to book an appointment to discuss the need outside of the usual drop-off and pick up times so that the information can be recorded fully.
Confidentiality (added 1st June)
All staff should already be aware of their responsibilities regarding discussing information regarding parents or staff outside of work, however as COVID-19 is a health matter we feel it vital that staff fully understand their responsibilities regarding ensuring confidentiality about the virus. As such all staff will need to sign a new COVID-19 Confidentiality Agreement, which is detailed below
Sand and Waterplay (added 1st june)
Sand and waterplay will be allowed as follows : –
Water play will be used within a ‘bubble’ only and will have a small amount of anitbac washing liquid added such that any virus is killed. The water will be changed every day.
Sand play will be only used outdoors (as UV quickly neutralises COVID-19) and within one bubble.
Our Cleaning Regime (added 4th June)
The procedure for cleaning our setting if we have a suspected case of COVID-19 is very clear and stated in the following guidance.
We have both household detergents and a disinfectant with 1000 ppm av.cl. available for if we have such a case.
After lengthy discussions with Environmental Health (EH20-002265-HSC019) and the Health Protection Team (HPZ 817114) is is clear that there is no guidance for settings if they have no suspected case.
We need our cleaning regime to be robust however we also need to balance the risk from COVID-19 with the risk of exposure to chemicals in the air and on surfaces.
To ensure we have minimised both these risk are policy will be based around the following principles
- We will use antibacterial disinfectants during the day only in high touch points such as bathrooms incl. taps, door handles, light switches etc using single use paper towels.
- We will use our usual child-friendly cleaning products or hot soapy water (using antibacterial washing up liquid as the detergent) during the day in our rooms using cloths that are disinfected after the session.
- We will use antibacterial agents or disinfectants in the rooms only at the end of a session and when children have left the room.
- We will use hot soapy water to clean outdoor equipment
Articles on why Soapy waterworks
Hot soapy water is proven to kill Coronvirus….
Why does soap work so well on the new coronavirus and, indeed, most viruses?
Because it is a self-assembled nanoparticle in which the weakest link is the lipid (fatty) bilayer.
That sounds scientific. Let me explain.
Soap dissolves the fat membrane, and the virus falls apart like a house of cards and “dies,” or rather, it becomes inactive as viruses aren’t really alive. Viruses can be active outside the body for hours, even days. Disinfectants, or liquids, wipes, gels and creams containing alcohol (and soap) have a similar effect but are not as good as regular soap. Apart from alcohol and soap, antibacterial agents in those products don’t affect the virus structure much.
by Palli Thordarson
NHS GP Dr Gero Baiarda – Myth busts
Myth 3 SARS-COV-2 is a hardy virus
Dr Baiarda said: “It isn’t. SARS-COV-2 is surprisingly fragile. The only protection it has is a thin outer layer of lipid or fat.
“That is why any soap or detergent will destroy it – even washing up liquid works well. By dissolving the external lipid layer of the virus, the virus is rendered completely inert and unable to penetrate human cells. Hence why washing hands often with soap and water is so important.”
Holidays abroad (added 1st July)
As lock-down lifts, families and staff may be considering taking holidays. Our policy is to follow Government Guidance on this. If the Government is allowing people to travel then we cannot stop them. However, please be aware that we must be made aware of any travels overseas so that we can ensure that Government Guidance is being followed. If the country being travelled to required a period of quarantine on return both staff and families will be expected to adhere to these rules. Typical periods of self-isolation is 14 days during which times, fees will be due and staff will need to take holiday or unpaid leave for the absence.
Tests for COVID-19 (added 1st July)
This is just a reminder that if a child or member of staff shows symptoms of COVID or ANYONE ELSE IN THE HOUSEHOLD shows symptoms, then the whole household is required to have a test. This is to ensure that track and trace teams can follow their procedures. Any family that chooses not to have a test for their child will be required to self-isolate for 14 days and fees will be charged. The test results are typically coming back within 48 hours. Due to childhood temperatures caused by teething etc we have had many families undertake the tests successfully. We are very grateful for everyone’s co-operation and understanding in these circumstances. We are trying to ensure we are only calling parents when we feel we really have too for the protection of all families. We are now re-checking a child’s temperature after 30 minutes, to ensure it is not just a blip, and in the case of a child known to be teething we are working with the family to ensure we are balancing the inconvenience of regular tests, with professional judgements. We have been liaising with the Local Authorities on this to ensure we remain ‘reasonable’ in these difficult times.
Children changing settings (added 1st July)
Due to the constraint that families can only attend one setting, we have a number of families who will be returning from preschool in July for the school holiday. We have decided that it is reasonable that there should be a deliberate break between the two settings to minimize the risk
Staff changing bubbles (added 1st July)
We can imagine instances coming up where we need a member of staff to swap between a bubble due to changes in numbers of children. We have decided that it is reasonable to have a deliberate break between the two bubbles to minimize risk.